Historical and ethnographic heritage – part of the sustainable
development of tourism in Bukovina
MIS-ETC Code: 829



Monument to Mihai Eminescu


GPS (48.292889; 25.932576)
district Chernivtsi
region Shevchenkivsky
locality Chernivtsi
category Monuments
year 2 000р.


Mihai Eminescu (1850-1889) was the Romanian poet, publicist, public and cultural activist of Armenian descent. He was born on January 15, 1850, in Ipotesti village of Botosani county. His young years are connected with Ukraine, with the capital of Bukovyna – Chernivtsi. He intermittently studied in Chernivtsi higher gymnasium in 1860-66. The author of many poetic, prosaic, and publicist works, articles, records of Romanian folklore. He favorably treated the Ukrainian culture, knew Ukrainian language, highly evaluated the works of M. Dragomanov and I. Franko, warmly welcomed the first Ukrainian newspaper “Bukovynska zorya” (Bukovinian dawn) in Chernivtsi (1870). In 1885 he underwent treatment in Odesa, visited Lviv. For some time he served in Bucharest theatre, was a free attendant of Vienna university, lived in Berlin for two years, where he attended the full university course of lectures on philosophy and political economy. Upon returning to the homeland, he was compelled to wander the provincial cities and towns. From the multitude of the written – prose and poetry – only a small fraction has seen the light in various periodicals and collective compilations. The only book of poems that was published in his lifetime came out only in 1883. Unsettled daily life, exhausting work, acute perception of social injustice, weak health have caused the nervous breakdown and serious mental illness. M. Eminescu wrote his first poem in Chernivtsi and dedicated it to the memory of the favorite gymnasium teacher of Romanian literature Aron Pumnul, the partaker of the revolution of 1848. He possessed the deep and various knowledge. He studied the philosophy of Plato, Schelling and Schopenhauer, religious teachings – Christianity, Buddhism and Confucianism, Sanskrit grammar. He was interested in political economy, law, geography, philology, ethnography. He has translated the “Critique of Pure Reason” of Immanuel Kant into Romanian. The author of the monument is the sculptor I. Gorshkovsky.